Second phase of Post-2015 consultations in Montenegro – Participatory Monitoring for Accountability

3 June 2014

Following massive success in the first phase of Post-2015 consultations, when Montenegro managed to mobilise more than 1.3 of its population to say what kind of future they want, the country initiated the second phase of the consultations, which aims to determine global development priorities for the period after 2015. At the very heart of the new stage of Post-2015 is Participatory Monitoring for Accountability – the process which strives to explore opportunities for greater participation of citizens in monitoring the implementation of governments’ commitments and holding them accountable for what they pledged.


The Purpose

The second phase of the post-2015 consultations in Montenegro strives to engage the broad public in Montenegro in a fundamental dialogue about the ways of monitoring the government performance and fostering responsive governance around new set of goals in the context of post 2015 framework. Like in the first phase of post 2015 consultations, special emphasis is on “voiceless” groups of the population (in particular poor, disadvantaged, young/elderly, including women, who live in remote or isolated communities, displaced persons, etc.), all those who are traditionally excluded from processes of policy development and monitoring of their implementation.

Main Objectives

Main objectives of the process are to:
- Create a space for the dialogue on verifying existing participatory monitoring mechanisms in the country which function well and potentially identifying new ones;
- Give an opportunity and strengthen the engagement of different communities and citizens (including non-citizens) for identification of appropriate participatory monitoring mechanisms, by building on the established tools (e.g. crowd-sourcing webplatforms, social media, and so on).


The UN Country Team Montenegro (UNCT) will conduct the consultations in a three-step process:

1. Mapping, Research

We conducted a rapid mapping of all forms and linkages between different formal (MDG progress monitoring, for instance) and informal participatory monitoring for accountability mechanisms, as well as how accountability systems work in the country. The mapping phase resulted in development of a Report on existing forms and mechanisms for participatory monitoring for accountability, along with pros and cons on each mechanism as well as relevant recommendations. Timeline: May/mid June 2014

2. Accountability check

We will stimulate a wide engagement of people, including the “voiceless” groups, in order to generate their feedbacks based on personal experiences as well as findings of the Mapping exercise. In order to do this, the UN Montenegro will initiate a multi-stakeholder dialogue about existing experiences and exchange of relevant information and knowledge, with the participation of nongovernmental and Government partners. In cooperation with the same partners from the first Post-2015 phase, the UN will pursue citizens’ opinion through two forms of dialogue: Focus groups On line questionnaires via official Post-2015 web platform The “accountability check” aims to draw attention on each and every priority identified in the first phase of the post-2015 consultations, through the following lenses: What are the concrete channels through which citizens and non-citizens can express their voices and demands, and are able to hold duty-bearers accountable? Do men and women, young/elderly, and other marginalized groups access these 'communication' channels differently? Do institutions (particularly service delivery institutions) and government officials have the capacity to adequately respond and be accountable? Exploring any new/innovative approaches which may be suggested as suitable. All inputs from various consultative meetings and discussions will feed into an analytical report which the UN Montenegro will develop with relevant national partners and submit to the UN Development Group in July. Timeline: mid June/mid July 2014

3. Testing

Testing the functioning of a nationally appropriate participatory monitoring mechanism on one specific thematic area 1) either one of priority issues by identified by people living in Montenegro during the first phase of the Post 2015 consultations or 2) one of 3 MDG goals which Montenegro will not achieve by 2015. In this regard, the topic of employment and environmental protection were discussed with national partners. The first and second step of the overall process will crystallize the exact topic for testing a specific tool of participatory monitoring for accountability. Using innovations, concrete ways will also be pursued for integrating participatory monitoring for accountability into the context of global post-2015 discussions. The testing will be carried out using social media channels and already developed online platform wused as a hub for the first phase of the Post 2015 consultations in 2013. Timeline: mid July/September 2014


The UN Montenegro will identify opportunities for advocating the most valuable outcomes of the consultative process, and it will review its programmatic approach in those areas where the feedback could directly feed into and strengthen the ongoing work (this includes main findings, data documentation, field-based evidence, testimonials). Lastly, the UN Montenegro will review methodology, tools and materials and will identify those elements and processes that should be preserved, maintained or streamlined into the regular development agenda and work. Timeline: October-December 2014